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Connect to Office365 IMAP using OAuth 2.0


C# Data Depersonalizer

Abstract

Microsoft provides two different ways to access Outlook / Office365 mail: Outlook REST APIs and Live Connect APIs. The Outlook REST APIs allows you to manage mail / calendar / contacts in the same way as Google APIs does. This approach requires a special client library that implements necessary APIs REST commands and handles server responses. You can still get access to Microsoft Outlook mail using the standard IMAP4 protocol. Live Connect APIs provides you with this functionality. Microsoft has deprecated the non-secure user / password authorization algorithm. It may stop working in the nearest future. However, if your app is using IMAP with OAUTH 2.0, it will continue working.

The introduced program shows how to connect to Microsoft Outlook.com IMAP using OAUTH 2.0. In addition, this program utilizes a fast and easy algorithm of retrieving information about mailbox messages in one single IMAP command.

The program utilizes the following Internet components from the Clever Internet Suite library: TclIMAP4 and TclOAUTH.


Download on GitHub

 

Registering a new application

If you want to use the OAUTH 2.0 authorization protocol, you need to register a new application using the Azure portal. The following document describes this process in details: Register an application with the Microsoft identity platform

When clicking "Azure Active Directory / App Registrations / New Registration", the "Register an application" page will appear. You need to enter your application's registration information: Name, Supported account types, and Redirect URI. Note that you need to specify the "Web" app type, and provide a local URI: "http://localhost". It is necessary for the TclOAUTH component for receiving authorization tokens.

Register app, set up redirect URL.

The Microsoft OAUTH engine supports different authorization flows, including Authorization Code and Implicit Grant. In this program, we use the "Authorization Code grant flow" which requires the TclOAUTH component to open a web browser with the standard Microsoft Live login form. After logging in and confirming the access permissions for the given application, the browser will be redirected to the specified local URI. This allows TclOAUTH to automatically extract authorization tokens. You can learn more about the OAUTH 2.0 protocol and Microsoft-specific protocol implementation using the links below:

RFC 6749

OAUTH 2.0

Connect to Outlook.com IMAP using OAuth 2.0

After registering a new application, you need to add a new Client Secret for your registered application. You can do that using the "Certificates & secrets" menu within the "Azure Active Directory / App Registrations settings". You need to save the Client Secret value. This value will be used when setting up the TclOAUTH properties.

Add a Client Secret.

 

Connecting to Office365 IMAP using OAuth 2.0

For connecting to Microsoft Outlook / Office365 IMAP service, you need to use the TclIMAP4 component. A necessary authorization token can be obtained using the TclOAUTH component. Let’s consider both these components:


   clOAuth1.AuthUrl := 'https://login.live.com/oauth20_authorize.srf';
   clOAuth1.TokenUrl := 'https://login.live.com/oauth20_token.srf';
   clOAuth1.RedirectUrl := 'http://localhost';

   //You need to specify your Azure Active Directory App Client ID and Client Secret. clOAuth1.ClientID := 'a0a9...';   
   clOAuth1.ClientSecret := '6FYd...';

   clOAuth1.Scope := 'wl.imap wl.offline_access';

   clImap.Server := 'outlook.office365.com';
   clImap.Port := 993;
   clImap.UseTLS := ctImplicit;

   clImap.UserName := edtUser.Text;

   clImap.Authorization := clOAuth1.GetAuthorization();

   clImap.Open();
 

Microsoft recommends to use the "wl.offline_access" scope together with "wl.imap". Otherwise, an app can access the user's info only when a user signs in to Live Connect and uses your app.

When you call the TclOAUTH.GetAuthorization method, the TclOAUTH component initiates the OAUTH 2.0 authorization process, and a default web browser navigates to the Microsoft login page. If authorization successful, GetAuthorization returns an authorization token, and browser displays the "OAuth Authorization Successful" response. In case of authorization failure, browser shows "OAuth Authorization Failed". Note, if authorization fails, the control is not returned from the GetAuthorization method until you close the TclOAUTH component by calling the Close method.


   try
      clOAuth1.Close();
   except
      on EclSocketError do;   
   end;

   try
      clImap.Close();
   except
      on EclSocketError do;   
   end;
   

The try-except blocks are necessary for handling some socket errors, such as connection timed out. The introduced program is mostly simple demos, and by no means, a completed application. Depending on your application architecture, you may implement another algorithm to handle connection errors.

 

Retrieving IMAP mailbox info

After successful connecting to Office365 IMAP and obtaining a list of IMAP mailbox folders, you need to select a mailbox and obtain information about messages within this mailbox. The TclIMAP4.GetMailBoxes(List) method returns a list of IMAP mailbox folders.

To start working with mailbox messages, you need to select a mailbox using the TclIMAP4.SelectMailBox(Name) method. This method collects all important mailbox information, such as a total number of messages, recent messages, first unseen message number, etc., and saves it to the TclIMAP4.CurrentMailBox property. You can use this information for managing messages within the selected mailbox: downloading selected messages, retrieving message headers, deleting, etc.

The method TclIMAP4.RetrieveHeader(MessageNo) returns information about the message, such as subject, sender, recipients. It doesn't return a message body: text, images, or attachments. This feature can save time on filling a message list in your app. However, if a mailbox contains a big number of messages, this approach takes a lot of time. You have to retrieve header information per each message and send multiple IMAP commands over the Network. Another way is to send one single request and get information about all messages simultaneously. A custom FETCH command with the ENVELOPE parameter does all the work. The TclIMAP4 component provides a special method for sending custom commands: TclIMAP4.SendTaggedCommand.


   clImap.SelectMailBox(GetFolderName(tvFolders.Selected));
   clImap.SendTaggedCommand('FETCH 1:* (ENVELOPE FLAGS)', [IMAP_OK]);   

   msgNo := 1;
   response := '';
   for i := 0 to clImap.Response.Count - 1 do
   begin
      if (GetMessageId(clImap.Response[i]) = msgNo) then
      begin
         FillMessage(response, msgNo - 1);
         response := clImap.Response[i] + #13#10;
         Inc(msgNo);
      end else
      begin
         response := response + clImap.Response[i] + #13#10;   
      end;
   end;
   FillMessage(response, msgNo - 1);
   

Here, the "1:*" argument denotes fetching all messages within the currently selected mailbox. This works far faster than fetching each message step-by-step. If you want to perform further optimization, you can implement so-called paging functionality and fetch only the currently displayed messages. The ENVELOPE parameter makes an IMAP server to return structured information about each message within the selected mailbox. This message structure is described in the RFC 3501 standard.

Next, you need to loop through the IMAP server response lines and extract envelope information for each message. See the TMainForm.FillMessages method of the program. Each envelope is prefixed with a corresponding message number within the IMAP response. The algorithm uses this information for splitting envelopes.

The introduced program implements a simple ENVELOPE parser that extracts all necessary message information: subject, sender, recipients, date, etc., and saves to separate properties:


   TImapEnvelope = class
   private
   ...
   public
      procedure Parse(const ASource: string; var Index: Integer);
      procedure Clear;

      property Date: TDateTime read FDate write FDate;
      property Subject: string read FSubject write FSubject;
      property From: string read FFrom write FFrom;
      property Sender: string read FSender write FSender;
      property ReplyTo: string read FReplyTo write FReplyTo;
      property ToList: string read FToList write FToList;
      property CcList: string read FCcList write FCcList;
      property BccList: string read FBccList write FBccList;
      property InReplyTo: string read FInReplyTo write FInReplyTo;
      property MessageId: string read FMessageId write FMessageId;   
   end;
   

 

Retrieving Email messages

qweIf you want to download a message from IMAP mailbox, you need to use the TclIMAP4.RetrieveMessage method. The TclMailMessage component (see Clever Internet Suite) can extract MIME parts from the downloaded message: text, embedded images, and file attachments. All you need is to substitute an instance of the TclMailMessage component when calling the TclIMAP4.RetrieveMessage method:


   clImap.RetrieveMessage(Integer(lvMessages.Selected.Data), clMailMessage);   

   edtFrom.Text := clMailMessage.From.FullAddress;
   edtSubject.Text := clMailMessage.Subject;
   memBody.Lines := clMailMessage.MessageText;
   

Note, if a message has attachments, you need to provide the TclMailMessage component with stream instances to which attachments will be saved to. The TclMailMessage component does not keep the attachment content in memory. It uses external Delphi streams instead. You need to handle the OnSaveAttachment event in order to provide the component with such stream objects. Usually, an event handler may look like the following:


   procedure TForm1.clMailMessage1SaveAttachment(Sender: TObject;
      ABody: TclAttachmentBody;
      var AFileName: string; var AData: TStream; var Handled: Boolean);   
   begin
      AData := TFileStream.Create(AFileName, fmCreate);
      Handled := True;
   end;
   

Note, some attachments do not have a file name. You may need to generate new names in order to save such attachments to the disk. See also Clever Internet Suite Tutorials: Saving Mail Attachments

Finally, the downloaded message details can be displayed:

Connected App with Selected Message.

 

Downloads

Download on GitHub

Clever Internet Suite Download

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License Information

The DataDepersonalizer application is distributed under the GNU LESSER GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 3.

COPYING.txt

COPYING.LESSER.txt

 

Sergey Shirokov
Clever Components team
www.clevercomponents.com

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